TCM China:

Thrombotic Phlebitis And Traditional Chinese Medicine In China 

       
 

 

 

 

         

 

 

Note: The following text is selected from A  Practical English-Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine by Prof.Dr. Enqin Zhang(Engin CAN), he was the chief editor&author of the books, now lecturing and practising Chinese medicine at The Asante Academy of Chinese Medicine in the  Middlesex University Archway Campus, 2-10 Highgate Hill, N19   5LW, London, U.K.For more information, Tel:0044 7804709475;
E-mail:prof.engincan@yahoo.com.tr

Thrombotic phlebitis is an inflammatory reaction of the venous wall caused by different factors. Sometimes, it is associated with venous thrombosis. When the disease is present in the superficial group of veins, it is called superficial phlebitis which commonly seen in the superficial veins of limbs and the thoraco-epigastric walls. If the disease occurs in the deep veins, it is known as deep phlebitis usually occurring in the veins of legs, pelvic cavity and in the superior and inferior vena cava. This disease falls into the categories of "e mai" (superficial phlebitis), (venous hyperemia) and (rheumatism with the blood vessel involved) in TCM.

 

Superficial Phlebitis  

 

Main Points of Diagnosis

1. There is pain, swelling and obvious tenderness in the superficial veins along the limbs or the thoracoepigastric walls. Besides, some hard cord-like swollen masses may be felt.

2. It is accompanied by fever and discomfort all over.

3. after the acute stage, there are some cord-like masses which will remain for a long time in the affected area with pigmentation in the local skin.

Differentiation and Treatment of Common Syndromes     

1. Internal Treatment

1) Acute Stage

Main Symptoms and signs: In the affected areas, there is redness, swelling, pain, tenderness and cord-like masses, Other symptoms and signs such as yellow and greasy fur on the tongue, soft and rapid or taut and rapid pulse may appear.

Therapeutic Principle: In the cases of superficial phlebitis of limbs, its therapeutic principles are clearing away pathogenic heat and dampness and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis. For cases of superficial phlebitis of the chest and abdominal wall, the therapy aims at clearing away pathogenic heat and toxin and promoting qi and blood circulation.

Recipe No.1: Decoction of Four Wonderful herbs for Quick Restoration of Health with additional ingredients

honeysuckle flower

figwort root

Chinese angelica root

red peony root

achyranthes root

phellodendron bark

scutellaria root

capejasmine fruit

forsythia fruit

atractylodes rhizome

fangji root

arnebia root

licorice root

safflower

All the above herbs are to be decocted in water for oral administration for those who have superficial thrombotic phlebitis of limbs.

Recipe No.2: Decoction of Oriental Wormwood and Red Bean

oriental wormwood

red bean

spatholobus stem

honeysuckle flower

honeysuckle stem

raw Job's tears seed

atractylodes rhizome

flavescent sophora root

fangji root

oriental water plantain rhizome

phellodendron bark

achyranthes root

red peony root

All the above herbs are to be decocted in water for oral administration for cases of superficial thrombotic phlebitis of limbs.

Recipe No.3: Bupleurum Decoction for Removing Heat Bupleurum Root

honeysuckle flower

red sage root

red peony root

scutellaria root

capejasmine fruit

forsythia fruit

Chinese angelica root

ligusticum rhizome

safflower

curcuma root

nutgrass flatsedge rhizome

All the above herbs are to be decocted in water for oral administration for the treatment of superficial phlebitis of thoraco-abdominal wall.

2) Chronic Stage

Main Symptoms and Signs: The local skin of the affected area is dark purple in color. There are some hard cord-like subcutaneous swollen masses which are not painful when they are pressed. Other features are some ecchymoses on the tongue, and soft and slow pulse.

Therapeutic Principle: Promoting blood circulation, removing the stasis and clearing out the obstruction in the channels to resolve masses.

Recipe: Red Decoction for Promoting Blood Circulation

red sage root

red peony root

Chinese angelica root

spatholobus stem

loranthus mulberry mistletoe

achyranthes root

ligusticum rhizome

milkvetch root

curcuma root

All the above herbs are to be decocted in water for oral administration.

2. External Treatment

1) At the early stage, of the illness, Paste of Isatis Leaf or Golden Paste may be applied onto the affected parts.

2) At the chronic stage, Powder for Promoting Blood Circulation and Reducing Pain may be decocted. Its hot decoction is used for fumigating and washing the affected parts, twice a day.

The ingredients of the powder are as follows.

speranskia herb

corydalis tuber

Chinese angelica root-tip

turmeria rhizome

pepertree pricklyash peel

erythrina bark

clematis root

frankincense

myrrha

notopterygium root

dahurian angelica root

sppan wood

acanthopanax bark

safflower

smilax glabra rhizome

 

Deep Phlebitis  

 

Main Points of Diagnosis

1.There is a pain in the affected limbs and it is made more severe by movements and walking and often accompanied with fever.

2. A swelling may occur in the affected limbs and a tenderness will appear in the affected parts. When the dorsum pedis of the affected leg bends, is will cause an ache in the muscles of the shank (i.e. positive Hoffmann's sign). The temperature of the sick limbs may change, a little higher than normal or the limbs  may even be cold locally for a short time.

3. Thrombotic Phlebitis of the Shank: There is a pain and a tenderness in the gastrocnemius muscle of the shank. A swelling may occur in the dorsum pedis and the ankle. Hoffmanns' sign is positive.

4. Femoral Thrombophlebitis: There is pyrexia and tenderness at the medial part of the thigh, popliteal fossa and shank. The shank and ankle may be slightly hydropic.

5. Thrombotic Phlebitis of the Iliofemoral Vein: Its onset is sudden and acute with fever (not exceeding 39¡æ.). There is a pain and an obvious swelling in the affected leg. The skin of the affected parts appears pale. In serious cases it is livid i color. There is an obvious tenderness in the medial aspect of the thigh. The superficial veins in the proximal part of the thigh and the lower abdominal wall often dilate.  

Differentiation and Treatment of Common Syndromes     

1. Internal Treatment

1) Downward Flow of Damp-Heat

Main symptoms and Signs: At the early stage of the illness there is pyrexia, pain, swelling and an obvious tenderness with thin yellow or yellow greasy fur, taut rapid or slippery rapid pulse.

Therapeutic Principle: Clearing away pathogenic heat and dampness and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis.

Recipe: Modified Diction of Four Wonderful Herbs for Quick Restoration of Health or Decoction of Oriental Worm-wood and Red Bean (All the above two recipes may be seen in the part of Superficial Phlebitis).

2) Severe Dampness and Blood Stasis

Main Symptoms and Signs: In the affected limbs there are such symptoms as continuous swelling, distending pain, obvious tenderness, dark red skin or ecchymoses, pigmentation, superficial venous engorgement, telangiectasis, red tongue or with ecchymoses and white and greasy fur, soft-thready or deep-moderate pulse.

Therapeutic Principle: Promoting blood circulation to remove stasis, removing dampness and dredging channels.

Recipe: Red Sage Decoction for Promoting Blood Circulation

red sage root

red peony root

Chinese angelica root

honeysuckle flower

achyranthes root

globethistle root

oriental water  plantain rhizome

Chinese flowering quince

chuanxiong rhizome

safflower

earthworm

fangji root

All the above herbs are decocted in water for oral use.

Main Symptoms and Signs: At the late stage of the illness, the patient feels tired and fatigued. there is swelling, heavy sensation and distending pain at the affected parts. The pain will be mild in the morning and serious in the evening, Other features are ache at the waist, aversion to cold, pale tongue with thin and white fur ,deep and slow pulse.

Therapeutic Principle: Warming the Kidneys and Strengthening the Spleen

milkvetch root

pilose asiabell root

bighead atraclylodes rhizome

Chinese angelica root

Chinese yam rhizome

achyranthes root

spatholobus stem

red sage root

prepared aconite root

dried ginger rhizome

tangerine peel

Chinese flowering quince

Job's tears seed

tuckahoe

All the above herbs are decocted in water for oral use.

2. External Treatment

The herbs of Powder for Promoting blood Circulation and Reducing Pain see the part of Superficial Phlebitis) are to be decocted in water for fumigating and washing the affected parts of the limbs, 30-60 minutes each time, 1-2 times a day.  

 

Thank you so much for visiting our website!  


1. Since the clinical cases are always more complex than theories, so for an accurate syndrome identification and effective treatment to you, please let us evaluate your personnel conditions by filling out
Patient Form.